Glaucoma Therapy

Worldwide the second most common cause of blindness is glaucoma. In India, it is estimated at least 12 million people suffer from it.

We have years of experience and provide excellent care in managing various types of glaucoma.


What is glaucoma? What are its types?


Glaucoma is a disease characterized by progressive and irreversible damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve carries visual information from the eye to the brain. There are several different types of glaucoma but broadly it can either be an insidious variant (Primary Open Angel Glaucoma) or a quick onset type (Angle Closure Glaucoma).


What are the symptoms of glaucoma?


Usually, glaucoma is an asymptomatic condition. In the end stages of the disease the severe loss of peripheral vision is perceived. If left undiagnosed and untreated it can lead to irreversible blindness.


What are the risk factors of glaucoma?


Some of the risk factors associated with glaucoma are increasing age, a family history of glaucoma and chronic steroid usage.


How is glaucoma diagnosed?


During a comprehensive eye evaluation vision, the pressure of the eye, the angle of the eye and the anatomy of the optic disc and retina will be measured and observed. If glaucoma is suspected or identified, a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the optic disc by an automated perimeter and OCT will be performed.


How often is glaucoma screening, through a comprehensive eye evaluation, required?


The current recommendation is a comprehensive eye evaluation every 2 years for all adults who have no symptoms or risk factor of eye diseases after they turn 40. For non-symptomatic individuals under 40 years with a higher risk of glaucoma, a comprehensive eye evaluation is advisable every 2 to 4 years.


How is glaucoma treated?


Eye drops, laser therapy and surgery are the various treatment options by which the intraocular pressure is reduced, and the optic nerve is protected from glaucomatous damage.

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